Arthritis

Arthritis is a common condition that causes inflammation of the joints. The inflammation causes pain, swelling and stiffness. Arthritis can occur in any joint of the body.

There are many different types of arthritis. Two common forms of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. 

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis can be considered as the result of general wear and tear. It can occur from traumatic injuries, overuse and age. The pain of osteoarthritis results from a loss of cartilage, which usually provides cushioning for the bones in the joints.

With the loss of cartilage, the bones can rub together in the joints, causing inflammation and pain, swelling and stiffness. Osteoarthritis commonly occurs in the feet and may impact only one joint or many joints of the foot.

Treatment for osteoarthritis may include; orthotics, special footwear, anti-inflammatory medication, physical therapy, cortisone injections, arthroscopic and joint replacement surgeries, and chronic pain rehabilitation programs. 

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system mistakes healthy cartilage as diseased, and attacks the cartilage of the joints. Over time, the immune system erodes the cartilage. The subsequent loss of cartilage causes inflammation, pain, joint stiffness and swelling. In advanced stages, the joints become deformed. Rheumatoid arthritis most commonly occurs in the hands and feet. 

Treatment and management for rheumatoid arthritis of the feet may include; anti-inflammatory medication, chemotherapies, physical therapy, chronic pain rehabilitation programs, specialist footwear and orthotic management. 

Autoimmune disorders:

Other forms of arthritis can occur due to autoimmune disorders, when the body's immune cells destroy the cartilage. Systemic Lupus Erythematous, Reiter's Disease, Ankylosing Spondylitis, and Psoriasis, along with Rheumatoid Arthritis are all examples of autoimmune disorders that can cause arthritis.

Formthotics can help feet at risk due to arthritis

Formthotics™, in particular ShockStop Formthotics™, are designed to absorb shock, deflect impact and reduce plantar pressures while supporting the structure of your feet.

The cushioning and support provided by ShockStop Formthotics reduce plantar pressures and sheer forces while affording support to damaged and painful joints. ShockStop Formthotics are heat mouldable and fully customisable which means that your podiatrist or medical professional is able to ensure the best solution for your feet.

ShockStop material is a totally unique and revolutionary hybrid EVA polymer foam. The top layer deflects impact significantly more than other standard foam materials, while the base maintains support and stability.

For more information:

https://www.podiatry.org.nz/c/Arthritis

http://www.arthritis.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Care-of-Feet.pdf

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