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Case Studies

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Practitioner: Lisa Whiteman, Podiatrist 

Practice: Respod Podiatry, New Zealand

Patient: 57 year old female 

Diabetes Mellitus is part of a group of metabolic diseases. It is a disease of chronic hyperglycaemia due to insulin deficiency, resistance, or both. The result is the body’s ability to use glucose for energy is impaired. While the causes and effects of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are different, the long-term effects are the same. Type 1 is believed to be an autoimmune response resulting in a complete lack of insulin, whereas with type 2, the body is still producing insulin BUT is either not producing enough or the insulin it is producing, is not being taken up by cells. Most cases of Diabetes are type 2. It is often seen as a ‘lifestyle’ illness as it is related to obesity, and sedentary lifestyles. Individuals can have diabetes for years before diagnosis.

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